How to get rid of lice
How to get rid of head lice and nits fast and efficiently is one of the excellent headaches of mothers. Along with the Chief Malamadre is not spared. Last week her great daughter suffered a lice infestation and that I received a WhatsApp message with words which would make anybody shake: SOS LICE!
In this post we desired to collect all of the information I gave Laura and which might be helpful if one day that the lice visit your house. Before taking action, let’s start by dismantling within this infographic a series of myths about lice that still swarm from the surroundings…
4 secrets to eliminate lice and nits quickly and effectively
Key 1: know the differences between lice and nits
A picture is worth a thousand words, so here is a house video where you can view a shiny louse of my son a Few summers past (refrain from apprehension):
Nits don’t dancing to Benny Hill’s rhythm such as my kid’s louse. They adhere to the hair and do not slip easily if we attempt to catch them with our palms. How do we know if the nits are full or empty? If they’re black or brownish, they are normally loaded with infant louse. If they are white or transparent, it’s normal that they are unloaded eggs. On the flip side, if they are greater than 2cm in the scalp, it’s probable that they’re out of”previous episodes” since the hair has grown.
To continue in my graphic line, here I leave you a nice collection of my children’s lice and their size concerning a dime. From left to right: full dark nit, empty translucent nit, various nymphs, and to the best of the whole female louse.
Nits don’t go away by themselves because their adhesive is far better than Loctite. Although vinegar in this situation can help us as a”conditioner” to help them, we will certainly need the protagonist of this next crucial.
Key 2: use the detection comb and Most Importantly, the lendrera
Though many men and women confuse them, they’re two different tools. The discovery comb should be the very first step when suspecting lice. It’s a small white plastic comb and serves, as its name implies, to identify lice by comparing the white color with the dark color of the lice.
Once detected, if we really want to remove them , we’ll require a fantastic metallic spike nit, preferably micro-ribbed, using a maximum space between the spikes of 0.3mm. The daily use of the nit is essential in times of infestation. In times of calm, we shouldn’t trust ourselves: that the nit also has to be used at least one time each week as a preventive hygiene measure.
Key 3: choose an effective pediculicide, which is the best on the market?
It is the million dollar question for this Malamadre who, after confirming the existence of lice, arrives in the pharmacy. The Malamadre needs something fast, extremely fast, but she finds herself with a wide assortment of possibilities with unpronounceable names: insecticides or silicones?
We examine the most effective compounds against lice:
Permethrin: This is a”lifelong” insecticide that works by paralyzing the nervous system of this louse. The safety and efficacy of 1% permethrin is endorsed by the World Health Organization (WHO). The challenge is that its indiscriminate use has generated the look of resistance (something very similar to what happens with antibiotics). Lice, which are extremely smart, have learned how to shield against permethrin, and sometimes their program might not be effective.
They are generally the cheapest. They don’t have chemical action on the nervous system however they cover the louse blocking its spiracles. This way they cause suffocation and collapse the gastrointestinal tract. They behave through a bodily torture procedure and therefore it is quite difficult to generate immunity in lice. No cap is needed to enhance the activity since the item functions by direct contact with all the louse. Therefore, to succeed, in this instance it’s particularly important to be certain that you spread the item very well throughout the entire scalp.
Dimethicone extends the range of action since it can be used by kids from 12 weeks, in adults who have sensitive skin, in people with atopic skin or asthmatics. Examples: Neositrin, Total Marks, NYDA We could say that it acts as though it kept the louse’s nose open and an oil has been introduced to the holes before suffocating it.The benefit of benzyl alcohol is that it can also be used from one year on.
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Key 4: use an effective lice repellent, with scientific evidence behind it
Tea tree oil: sorry, but no.
I know that the whole world is a fan of Quassia amara vinegar, geraniol, limonene, lavender oil and, above all, the famous tea tree oil. The bad news is that, despite “amimefunctionalism,” there is insufficient evidence that the use of tea tree oil or the above compounds works to prevent lice. In fact, the lack of efficacy and safety studies on tea tree oil is not indicated in children younger than 3 years. If someone wants to stone me, feel free to do it here where I expanded on the subject.
Effective repellents: IR3535 and octanediol.
The good news is that we DO have effective repellents validated by quality clinical trials.
IR3535: It is endorsed as harmless by the WHO and is effective as a repellent for lice and also for mosquitoes. Can be used from 3 years. You have to spray the product on dry hair until it is completely moistened and leave to dry in the open air, never with a dryer. Thus we favor the residual effect of the product. Examples: Goibi Lice Repellent.
Octanediol works by dissolving the protective wax cuticle of the louse. Thanks to this mechanism of action, more water evaporates and the louse dies from dehydration. Thus, if a louse appears in the hair, the octanediol kills it and prevents infestation. It also does not need rinsing and can be dried in the open air (it can be applied after the shower or by doing fluff-flies before going to school). It can be used in children from one year old. Example: Neositrin protect. In its day I already expanded on this repellent (strange as it may seem, sometimes I explain myself for good).
Boticaria García’s conclusions
Why is it so difficult to get rid of lice?
Because many times the treatments are not carried out correctly: for example, silicones do not spread throughout the hair and lice remain without suffocating.
Because we do not use effective repellents. Even if we remove every last louse from the hair, if we send the child to school the next day without a repellent or with an ineffective repellent, it will bring them back home.
When doing a treatment against lice NEVER forget…
Repeat the treatment after 7-10 days, as this is the time it takes for the nits to hatch (in case there were any loose ones).
Use the lendrera as if there was no tomorrow following the advice of key number 2.
Incorporate effective repellents (IR3535 or octanediol) into our family routine of preventive hygiene.
Avoid direct contagion (do not share hats, combs, scarves) and also keep an eye on sheets and cushions. Of course, do not panic because to finish we have good news: the louse is only capable of surviving 24 hours outside the head. And you follow more home remedies for lice to get rid of head lice.